The Papillon means butterfly in French, they are instantly recognisable with their upright ears. There is another variety that have drop ears and can even come from the same litter.
They are bright and busy little dogs, they are the perfect size for a lapdog but, they will busy doing more important stuff than lounging! They have the swagger of a terrier and belief they are a lot bigger than they are. If you are looking for a fun and energetic addition to your family or household, this could be the perfect breed for you.
They need plenty of exercise and playtime, they are not lapdogs. This is not a breed for couch potatoes, you will need to be able to commit to long walks and endless games to keep them happy. They adapt well to living in a apartment but you would need to be able to keep them entertained and active. Remember a bored dog will usually become a mischievous dog, whether it be nuisance barking, chewing or digging. Try to make sure they are occupied with jobs, playtime or plenty of exercise to keep them out of trouble.
They make great affectionate family pets, they are not suitable for families with young children as they have their limits to being pulled around. They are very playful so they will spend hours running around with older children playing endless games with them.
They make for great watchdogs, in fact one the best breeds, they will alert to everything little thing going on. They can be a little barky so you will need to train them to be quiet on command. They are a little un-trusting of strangers and you will need to make sure they are socialised early on to combat this.
They should be fine with other dogs and cats if brought up with them. They can be a little bossy and possessive even with much larger dogs. Their instinctive need to chase neighbours cats and small animals is probably too strong to control. Make sure you have a well fenced garden, these guys are small and very quick.
They are very intelligent dogs but a little stubborn, but they should be fairly easy to train and work with. Try to keep training both interesting and fun and avoid being harsh with them. Identifying their motivation reward early will get you the best results and it’s normally food.
They are low to medium shedders, they are small so it seems like less hairs. They shed more in Spring and Autumn as they change their coats. They require at least weekly brushing to keep on top of developing mats, especially round their ears.
This breed appeared in paintings in the 1200s and was known then as the toy Spaniel and was owned by royalty and noblemen. Many paintings feature the toy Spaniel with dropped ears called the Phalene (moth) and the large erect ears of the Papillon.
- Weight -2kg –3kg
- Size – 20cm – 28cm
- They live for 13-16years